Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy
This essay sample shall discuss the principles and working of rational emotive behavior therapy. Around 1950, this therapy was created. REBT is formulated on the belief that how people feel is directly influenced by how they think. As implied by the name, this therapy encourages developing rational thinking. Let’s study more details about it.
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Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)
Albert Ellis, an American psychologist, and psychotherapist developed this therapy. Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is active directive psychotherapy. It is empirical and philosophical therapy, the objective of which is to solve behavioral and emotional issues. This therapy helped disturbed people to lead fulfilling and happier lives. The other names given to it are rational emotive therapy and rational therapy. REBT will be helpful for people living with problems, including
- Sleep problems
- Depression, aggression
- The feeling of guilt and anger
- Disordered eating habits
How Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Works
Cognitive-behavioral therapy helps patients in changing irrational beliefs. Ellis argued that people blame external forces and events for their unhappiness. He further suggested the interpretation of such events lies in our psychological distress. To explain this process, Ellis developed the ABC model.
The ABC model
A- Activating event: Some event occurring in the environment around the people triggers a negative response.
B- Beliefs: People behold a belief about the happening situation and event. For example, they believe that you will be alone for your entire life and you did something wrong.
C- Consequence: People have an emotional response to their beliefs. For example, feeling of not worthy enough or not being good. In such situations, REBT would help in enhancing your thinking about why the other individual didn’t respond. Maybe the person was busy or forgot to reply. If the person is not interested in meeting you, that doesn't mean there is anything wrong with you.
REBT therapy techniques
This therapy uses three main techniques, corresponding with the ABC model.
These strategies can assist in addressing the (A) activating event. They develop
Conflict resolution skills
- Problem-solving skills
- Social skills
- Decision-making skills
Cognitive restructuring techniques
- These strategies assist in changing irrational beliefs (B). These include
- Disputing irrational thoughts
- Irony and humor
- Rational/logical techniques
- Visualizing events in different ways or reframing
- Guided visualization and imagery
- Exposure to fear situations
Coping strategies can assist in managing the emotional consequences related to irrational thoughts in a better way. These may involve
- Exercise and relaxation
Besides this, the therapist will also ask you to write down your feelings after experiencing certain behavior changes and responses you felt.
Rational emotive behavior therapy: a therapists guide
For example, just imagine an individual possessing fear of introducing himself. Perhaps, he is not sure of the talking etiquette and worries that he might forget someone’s name or are too anxious to introduce himself.
Therefore, in such scenarios where introductions are required the person might wait for someone else to introduce him or avoid speaking. The therapist helps clients and uses strategies such as exercises, meditation, and changing their unwanted behavior. REBT promotes
- Achieve mental health and Wellness through accepting life as an unconditional place.
- Human beings are perfect and it is likely to not accept other characteristics and behaviors.
- People must accept life with difficulties and it will not be according to their
wish. They can try to change certain events and live elegantly with what they are unable to modify.
Also, this therapy is used with non-clinical problems. It includes consultation and counseling in dealing with issues including grief, stress management, relationships, career changes, and money. The application of REBT therapy includes seminars, educational programs, self-help resources, and internet counseling. This includes smart recovery, self-management recovery training (SMART), and rational emotive education (REE).
REBT is a psychological therapy that can assist in improving mental health conditions. In summary, it’s an individual who makes the event occur in their life worse or better depending on how they think about it. A trained therapist will only help in overcoming the rational belief you acquire. Lastly, it’s up to you to take life positively.
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