Based on the industrial visit, carry out an individual academic study into your observations and assessment of the facilities’ emergency preparedness and response planning. You are expected to examine the emergency plans, evacuation procedures, incident response procedures, and management strategies of the facilities unlimited to the scope of this course) and illustrate in your TMA-Report how the respective facility play their part in the overall preparedness of the Jurong Island Industry Community as follows:
(a) Facility 1, Private Industry: Oiltanking Singapore is a marine storage terminal located amid the expanding refining and petrochemical complexes on the consolidated Jurong Island (JI). The site offers excellent accessibility by water and by land transport via the causeway to the mainland with five deep-water berths and six barge berths offering outstanding supply chain access and flexibility. The facilities has a total of 80 storage tanks with a total 1.2 million cubic metre capacity, fully integrated via Class I and Class III pipeline systems that offers superior storage and transfer services.
During the visit, you need to analyse and establish understanding of the company’s nature of business, associated hazard-scenarios, tier level classification, level of competency of the company emergency response team (CERT) with respect to the SCDF’s National CERT Standard requirements, company’s incident management structure, occupants’ evacuation and CERT incident response procedures, readiness outreach programs, and mutual aid participation, if any.(b) Facility 2, Emergency Authority Establishment: SCDF Jurong Island Fire Station. Established in 1999, JIFS has staff strength of 84 trained emergency response personnel operating in 3 rota (shift-system). Headed by the Station Commander, JIFS is equipped with emergency appliances such as Fire Engines, Red Rhinos, Fire Bike, Combined Platform Ladder, Foam Tender, Foam Pods, HazMat Pod, HazMat Decon Pod, Hazmat Support Vehicle, Clothing Pod, Pod Carriers, Large Monitor Vehicles, Large Pumps, and Hose Laying Truck. Being faced with potential threat scenario of a full-surface tank fire, JIFS is also equipped with special equipment such as 2000 GPM (gallon-per-minute) monitor and 6,000 GPM monitor. Together with Banyan Fire Station, JIFS covers all the oil refineries, petrochemical industries and chemical plants on Jurong Island Industry.
During the visit, you need to analyse and establish understanding of the unit’s nature of operation, area of operational coverage, pre-determined response resources, level of competency of the standby personnel, standard and specialized appliances and equipment, unit’s incident management structure, incident response procedures, and readiness outreach programs, if any.(c) The Industrial Community, Jurong Island Industry: Jurong Island is the amalgamation of seven small islands, namely Merlibau, Merbau, Chawan, Sakra, Seraya, Pesek, and Pesek Kecil into Jurong Island 1.0. The island was further extended through land reclamation into the current Jurong Island 2.0 covering 10 clusters with the addition of Tembusu, Angsana, and Banyan. Today, Jurong Island Industry is an integrated island-complex housing many of the world’s leading energy and chemical companies. Jurong Island Industry hosts over 95 global companies including heavyweights such as Shell, ExxonMobil, Chevron, DuPont, BASF, Sumitomo Chemicals and Mitsui Chemicals. To date, Jurong Island Industry has drawn cumulative fixed asset investments of over S$30 billion and employing about 8,000 as of date from a vibrant portfolio of companies such as Air Products, Celanese, Chemical Specialties, Chevron (JV partner in SRC), Chevron Oronite, Chevron Philips, DuPont, Eastman Chemical, ExxonMobil, Huntsman, Invista, Rohm & Haas, Tate & Lyle, etc.
During the visit, you need to analyse and establish understanding how the overall preparedness of Jurong Island Industry was built, drawing from the inquiries during the visit to Facility 1 and Facility 2, as well as additional research from the relevant websites. Your research should include potential hazard-scenarios of the Jurong Island Industry, the concept of preparedness, readiness outreach programs, mutual aid and community self-help programs, and major incident joint operation management structure, if any (See Note 1).
Note 1: During your additional research, you would realize that due to security sensitivity, some of the information and details about Jurong Island Industry may not be available in open source. You may then state your research-intent in your TMA and explain the rationale behind your research-intent to show understanding of the subject, making certain logical assumptions from an emergency planner’s perspective is acceptable.
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